トンプキンス, レベッカ   TOMPKINS, Rebecca
  トンプキンス, レベッカ
   所属   専修大学  国際コミュニケーション学部
   職種   講師
発表年月日 2019/11/09
発表テーマ Let It Burn: Waste Management in Early Twentieth-Century Tokyo
会議名 Annual Conference of the German Association for Social Science Research on Japan (VSJF)
学会区分 国際学会
発表形式 口頭(一般)
単独共同区分 単独
開催地名 Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany
発表者・共同発表者 Rebecca Tompkins
概要 The history of modern waste management in Japan is in many ways a history of the development of garbage incineration. Incineration became popular as a waste management technology in Japan in the late nineteenth century. Although most other countries abandoned incineration as a major waste treatment method in the early twentieth century, in Japan incinerator construction was booming. By 1933, 113 cities had at least one incineration plant. Significantly, incineration remains the dominant method of waste treatment in Japan today.
This paper will examine the history of municipal waste management in modern Japan by focusing on the case of Tokyo, which set trends in waste management and whose policies influenced national laws. From the structure of neighborhood associations to the gendered division of household labor, waste management history has had a major influence on Japanese society today.