トンプキンス, レベッカ   TOMPKINS, Rebecca
  トンプキンス, レベッカ
   所属   専修大学  国際コミュニケーション学部
   職種   講師
発表年月日 2019/09/14
発表テーマ Citizen Cooperation in Waste Management in Early Twentieth-Century Tokyo
会議名 European Association for Japanese Studies 3rd EAJS Conference in Japan
学会区分 国際学会
発表形式 口頭(一般)
単独共同区分 単独
開催地名 University of Tsukuba
発表者・共同発表者 Rebecca Tompkins
概要 Incineration became popular as a waste management technology in Japan in the late nineteenth century. Although most other countries abandoned incineration as a major waste treatment method in the early twentieth century, in Japan incinerator construction was booming. Significantly, incineration remains the dominant method of waste treatment in Japan today. The primacy of incineration as the primary form of waste disposal has meant that citizen cooperation has become a central component of the Japanese waste management system.
This paper will examine the history of municipal waste management in early twentieth-century Japan by focusing on the case of Tokyo, which set trends in waste management and whose policies influenced national laws, with an emphasis on the contributions of citizens and civil society groups. From the structure of neighborhood associations to the gendered division of household labor, waste management history has had a major influence on Japanese society today.