トンプキンス, レベッカ   TOMPKINS, Rebecca
  トンプキンス, レベッカ
   所属   専修大学  国際コミュニケーション学部
   職種   講師
言語種別 英語
発行・発表の年月 2018/11
形態種別 研究論文(学術雑誌)
標題 ‘Uncovering the Waste of the World:' Women and the State in Japanese Wartime Waste Campaigns, 1937-1945
執筆形態 単著
掲載誌名 U.S.-Japan Women's Journal
巻・号・頁 53,pp.27-46
総ページ数 19
概要 Japan’s wartime scrap collection efforts, expedited through neighborhood associations and tonarigumi, were to some degree an extension of the preexisting tendency to mobilize citizens in support of the state’s social policies. However, not all activities to help the war effort were initiated by the state; women’s groups organized their own waste prevention campaigns, some of which did not adhere to traditional gender roles. In the 1938 “finding waste in the streets” event, organized by the Japan Federation of Women’s Organizations, hundreds of women went out into the streets of Tokyo, recording any waste they observed. This paper argues that, while wartime mobilization was largely directed by the state, in some cases women organized their own independent waste campaigns, demonstrating that women could be active agents in shaping their roles in the nation-state.
DOI 10.1353/jwj.2018.0001